30 Questions From Principal Interviews (Plus More)

30 Questions from Principal Interviews by William D. Parker was published originally at www.williamdparker.com on March 25, 2015.

A few weeks ago, some fellow administrators and I presented to an awesome group of teachers who are preparing to become admins. A great follow-up question was: “What kinds of questions can I expect in an interview for assistant principal or principal?”

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I can speak from my own experience, but I will also share a resource at the end of this post and invite input from other admins.

First of all, a little history…or the story of 6 interviews:

Interview 1

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Although I have participated in over a hundred interviews to hire teachers and staff over the past ten years, I have been interviewed for administrator openings only six times. Three of those resulted in offers I filled–two as assistant principal (two different sites) and one as principal (current position). So the best examples I have for aspiring principals are the thirty questions I will share below.

When I interviewed for my first assistant principal position in 2004, it was for a high school with 1,400 students. I would be joining a team of two other assistants to work with a site principal. A committee did my interview for that position. It consisted of two assistant superintendents, a director, a principal from another site and the principal of the site with the opening.

I do not remember every specific of the interview, but the questions were generally as follows:

1. Give us some background information and take a moment to introduce yourself.
2. How would you describe your leadership style?
3. What are some ways you have dealt with challenges, and how did you find solutions?
4. How would you describe your classroom management style?
5. What advice would you give to a new teacher on his or her first year?
6. What advice would you give to a veteran teacher in need of improvement?
7. What steps would you take if you dealing with a student discipline incident?
8. Give some examples of how you have communicated with parents of challenging students.
9. What would be your ideal school environment, and how would you encourage that kind of culture?
10. What questions do you have for us about this position?

This committee interview was followed by a one-to-one interview with the district superintendent. She had reviewed the feedback from the committee and asked follow-up questions–these were mostly about my vision for school leadership and specifics about the school where I would be serving.

Interview 2

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In 2006 I was recruited to a similar position at another school. Even though the move was “lateral” in terms of title, I was eager to be joining a leadership team led by a site principal I had taught under years before when she had been an assistant principal. My interview for that position was informal. In fact, I took a day off from work to tour the school and decide if it was a good fit for where I wanted to move. I accepted the offer and became assistant principal there for the next seven years.

In 2011, after I was named Oklahoma assistant principal of the year, I continued serving as an assistant principal but also began looking for opportunities to move into a site principal position. During the next two years, I interviewed for three different openings at schools—none of them resulted in offers. The experience, however, was good practice for the opportunity that would open up for me in 2013.

Interviews 3 and 4

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Two of the interviews I had for principal openings (neither resulted in offers) were done again by committee. This committee was large: it included a superintendent, personnel director, two assistant superintendents, a site principal, two teachers, and one parent. After making it through round one with the large committee, I had a follow-up with just the admin team.

Here are examples of the questions I was asked during those interviews (with each person posing at least one question):

11. Please introduce yourself, tell us about your background in education and what interested you in applying for this opening.
12. Data is a large part of determining student and teacher success. Explain your involvement in professional learning communities and how you have used data to promote student achievement.
13. We are community growing in diversity. Explain how you would reach out to people from various demographics to ensure all students and community members are included in learning.
14. What is your philosophy of teaching? What advice would you offer teachers whom you are supervising?
15. Principal positions require intense time-management. Please give examples of how you organize your day to meet the various demands and commitments required as a school principal.
16. Conflict-resolution and communication are important parts of school leadership. Can you give examples of how you have successfully managed difficult situations at school?
18. What is your philosophy of leadership? How would you lead a school-wide initiative expected for an entire district?
19. What questions, clarifications, or concerns do you have for us?

Interview 5

The third principal opening I interviewed for but did not receive was at a smaller district where only two individuals met with me. Their questions included many of the ones above with others more specific to the school site:

20. How would you implement a one-to-one technology initiative at the high school level?
21. Describe a time you began a new program at your school. What steps did you follow to make this successful?
22. How do you build a positive school culture or climate? Give examples of how you would do that here.
23. Describe the way you interact with stakeholders in the community?
24. How do you handle relationships with direct supervisors even when you may not always agree?
25. How do you recruit and maintain quality teachers and staff members?

Interview 6

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In 2012-2013, my site principal announced her retirement. When I interviewed for what would become my current position, I had two separate committee interviews. The questions were much more specific since I had been at my site as assistant principal for the past seven years.

I don’t want to share any questions that would be more confidential about my site; however, some examples of general questions included:

26. Please share priorities for a three-year site improvement. What specific goals, actions, and outcomes would you propose?
27. Give examples of your supervision, evaluation, and accountability standards in managing highly effective teachers and staff members.
28. How would you transition from assistant principal to principal in your present site while establishing new goals that match your own personality and priorities?
29. Why do you want this position? What motivates you to want to be a site principal?
30. Explain how you would build positive relationships with leaders across sites while working together for district-wide goals.

I could add more, but the above 30 questions are a good snap-shot of the kinds of questions I have been asked.

More Resources

Probably the best, exhaustive resource for dozens more examples of questions for principal openings can be found at Michael Smith’s Principal’s Page. The original link is hard to find, so I have made an easy download link here.

Let’s Wrap This Up

Just knowing questions ahead of time won’t necessarily prepare you for every scenario. As I explain 10 Tips On Interviewing For Education Positions, if you don’t know an answer, be honest and say so. Pause and think before answering. Don’t rush. It is much easier to have a meaningful conversation when you stay true to what you believe and practice. Be honest about where you need more understanding or growth.

Now It’s Your Turn

What are other questions you have encountered in interviews or have asked when interviewing for school leader openings? Share with the rest of us!

Sign-Up for New Posts

You can sign-up for other posts by William D. Parker and receive a free ebook, 8 Hats: Essential Roles for School Leaders.

Principal Matters–The Book!

School leaders are very busy, so each of the twenty-four chapters is designed as a quick-read and followed with take-action questions for follow-up or reflection. If you want practical ideas on understanding your purpose, managing school teams, dealing with challenges, and leading with courage, action, motivation, and teamwork, go HERE to pick up a copy for you or your team.

Messaging Matters

Harness the power of messaging to create a culture of acknowledgment, respect, and celebration. Written specially for leaders, this title is divided into three parts, helping readers to maximize their role as chief communicators with students, teachers, and parents and community. Each chapter includes suggestions for using digital tools to enhance messaging and ends with reflection questions and practical next steps.


  1. JERRI GOMEZ said:

    Very interesting. Thank you.

    March 29, 2015
  2. Yu-Hsin Lin said:

    Hi William,

    Thank you so much for sharing!

    I recently completed a PhD dissertation at the University of Iowa on the subject of principal hiring practices. I interviewed 16 school principals from 3 states and from a variety of school settings. I asked them about the hiring process, the interview questions that they had to answer (they were very similar to the ones you listed!), and I asked them for recommendations that they might have for future applicants for principal positions. If anyone reading this is interested, here is the title and the link to my dissertation:

    “Principal hiring practices: stories the principals tell”

    Good luck to everyone who’s applying for a position!

    March 29, 2015
    • ashish said:

      thank you v. much for this worthy creation

      February 19, 2016
    • Debra Ward said:

      What a wonderful paper. Thank yo for sharing

      April 26, 2016
  3. Wow! Thanks for the awesome research and link!!

    March 30, 2015
  4. sarika said:

    Great article. Quite worthy!!!

    April 1, 2015
  5. Stephanie said:

    I think we were in class together at U of I. I am currently working in school improvement in the state of Oklahoma. Great paper!

    April 9, 2015
    • Yu-Hsin said:

      Stephanie!!! I still remember our Yacker Tracker project 🙂
      Congratulations on your new position!

      April 20, 2015
  6. Kholisiwe said:

    Thank you very much I for one will be conducting interviews tomorrow for principal candidates, so nervous.

    September 25, 2015
  7. Salina said:

    I recently received my standard certificate from The State Board of Education. On Thursday, I will be interviewing for the first time (MS, AP). Needless to say…I am nervous! Thank you for this comforting article.


    November 17, 2015
  8. sadaf gul said:

    its great conversation between employee and employer.while i am already working as principal in school and mostly i interview candidates for vacant positions,these questions will really help me out in future.

    February 11, 2016
  9. Satish R C said:

    Thanks a lot for your valuable guidance,really enriched. will guide my fellow beings with the help of awesome tips.

    March 18, 2016
    • Abi said:

      Good work and really helpful

      April 27, 2016
      • Gail said:

        I appreciate everything that have been shared. I am interviewing for a principal on Monday. I have a lot of leadership experiences, but I have not held the position of either assistant or principal. However, I know that I am capable and wiling to assume the role. I have interviewed before for the position, but as was told , it is all about the fit.

        May 21, 2016
  10. Lily Roy said:

    Really good one and informative.

    May 21, 2016
  11. jona said:

    a very timely input-reading for my scheduled interview soon! am applying for a principal’s position…thank you !

    June 2, 2016
  12. Kinza said:

    Thankyou so much for such a great article it helped me a lot. …

    November 27, 2016
  13. Cassanda said:

    Can I get the answers to these question please

    December 10, 2016
  14. Kiran said:

    Thankx. It helped me a lot…..

    January 15, 2017
  15. Mandar Naik said:

    It helped me a lot. Thank you so much.

    January 26, 2017
  16. Beenish Zahra Shah said:

    I think the first question should be why you want to be a school principal or how you think that you should be a principal of school.

    If I am wrong then plz rectify me.

    Beenish Zahra Shah

    March 7, 2017
  17. Cheri said:

    Thank you for sharing. These questions have helped me reflect on my on leadership and teaching philosophies along the way. A great start for preparing me for an upcoming interview.

    March 9, 2017
  18. Nikelwa Cornelia Gqeba said:

    Wooow!!!!Good attempt. Thank you for the seed sown to the lives of many.Next time as an advice can you please provide us with expected answers. May God Richly Bless you so that the coming leaders can have a clear direction when it comes to Principal positions.

    November 21, 2017
  19. These questions are very interesting in that they reflect an ongoing trend toward “Behavior Description Interviews”. I do not know which State and school jurisdiction you are with, but I think the questions represent a good mix of traditional questions and a request for real life experience. I have conducted many interviews for new principals and vice-principals, and I describe in some detail what new aspirants should know in “Successful Interviews for Positions of Responsibility in Education”. John Brownridge, Ed.D.

    March 22, 2018
  20. Samrin khan said:

    It’s worthy thanks

    June 18, 2018
  21. Shantanu sabale said:

    Wow !!
    Thank you for sharing the experience with us.

    July 8, 2018
  22. I found the article very relevant for my preparation of Principal interview. The questions are very important to be answered. However, some of them are confusing; such as, what is your philosophy of teaching? and what is your philosophy of leadership? Answering the questions, there are different opinions and approaches. Overall the provided material helped me much in my preparation.
    Saeed Roghani

    July 29, 2018

Comments are closed.